Students, professors, and researchers in just about every discipline use academic writing to convey ideas, make arguments, and participate in scholarly conversation. Academic writing is described as evidence-based arguments, precise word choice, logical organization, and an tone that is impersonal. Though sometimes looked at as long-winded or inaccessible, strong academic writing is very the exact opposite: It informs, analyzes, and persuades in an easy manner and enables the reader to interact critically in a scholarly dialogue.
Examples of Academic Writing
Academic writing is, of course, any formal written work produced in an academic setting. The following are some of the most common while academic writing comes in many forms.
Literary analysis: A literary analysis essay examines, evaluates, and makes an argument about a work that is literary. As its name suggests, a analysis that is literary goes beyond mere summarization. It takes careful close reading of just one or multiple texts and often centers on a characteristic that is specific theme, or motif.
Research paper: a study paper uses information that is outside support a thesis or make a quarrel. Research papers are printed in all disciplines that will be evaluative, analytical, or critical in nature. Common research sources include data, primary sources (e.g., historical records), and secondary sources (e.g., peer-reviewed scholarly articles). Writing a research paper involves synthesizing this external information with your own personal ideas.
Dissertation: A dissertation (or thesis) is a document submitted towards the end of a Ph.D. program. The dissertation is a book-length summarization for the candidate’s research that is doctoral.
Academic papers might be done as part of a course, in a course of study, or for publication in an academic journal or scholarly book of articles around a layout, by different authors.
Characteristics of Academic Writing
Most disciplines that are academic their own stylistic conventions. However, all academic writing shares certain characteristics.
- Clear and focus that is limited. The main focus of an paper—the that is academic or research question—is established early by the thesis statement. Every paragraph and sentence regarding the paper connects back into that focus that is primary. As the paper can include background or contextual information, all content serves the purpose essay writing of giving support to the thesis statement.
- Logical structure. All academic writing follows a logical, straightforward structure. With its form that is simplest, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out of the scope and direction associated with the essay, and states the thesis. The body paragraphs support the thesis statement, with every physical body paragraph elaborating using one supporting point. The final outcome refers back once again to the thesis, summarizes the main points, and highlights the implications associated with the paper’s findings. Each sentence and paragraph logically connects to the next to be able to present a argument that is clear.
- Evidence-based arguments. Academic writing requires well-informed arguments. Statements should be sustained by evidence, whether from scholarly sources (as in a research paper), outcomes of a report or experiment, or quotations from a primary text (like in a literary analysis essay). The use of evidence gives credibility to a quarrel.
- Impersonal tone. The purpose of academic writing is to convey a logical argument from an objective standpoint. Academic writing avoids emotional, inflammatory, or else biased language. It must be presented accurately and objectively in your paper whether you personally agree or disagree with an idea.
Most published papers also provide abstracts: brief summaries of the very most important points of this paper. Abstracts appear in academic database search engine results making sure that readers can quickly see whether the paper is pertinent with their own research.
Let’s say you’ve just finished an essay that is analytical your literature class. If a peer or professor asks you what the essay is about—what the point associated with the essay is—you should be able to respond clearly and concisely in a single sentence. That single sentence is your thesis statement.
The thesis statement, bought at the end of the initial paragraph, is a one-sentence encapsulation of your essay’s idea that is main. It presents an overarching argument and may also identify the key support points for the argument. In essence, the thesis statement is a road map, telling the reader where the paper is going and exactly how it will get there.
The thesis statement plays an role that is important the writing process. When you’ve written a thesis statement, you’ve established a focus that is clear your paper. Frequently referring returning to that thesis statement will prevent you from straying off-topic through the drafting phase. Of course, the thesis statement can (and really should) be revised to reflect changes in the content or direction of this paper. Its ultimate goal, after all, is always to capture the key ideas of clarity and specificity to your paper.
Academic writers out of every field face similar challenges through the writing process. It is possible to enhance your own academic writing by avoiding these common mistakes.